SILAPATHAR, May 25 – Flood and erosion have become major problems of riverine villages of Dhemaji district especially Jonai constituency. Around 1,50,000 people of riverine villages belonging to Mising, Hajong, Rabha, Deori, Sonowal Kachari, Lalung, Bodo, Nepali, Bengali, Bihari, Rajbongshi, Sutradhar communities etc are facing problems of flood and erosion.
After every rainy season, the flood-affected families here move from one place to another. It may be mentioned that the population has been adopting gypsy lives in Dhemaji district.
The riverine villages on Brahmaputra like Bahir Sile, Bahir Jonai, Rayang Bijoypur, Gali Sikari, Lai mekuri, Ramdham Dikhari, Telem, Dekapam, Misamora, Somkong, Panchayat of Jonai development block and Simenmukh, Muktiyar, Silasuti, Demow gaon panchayat of Sissiborgaon development block have been reeling with the problems of flood and erosion every year.
Around 26,000 families have already lost their agriculture land due to flood and erosion problems. A large number of farmers families are passing sleepless nights due to heavy erosion of rivers like Simen, Dimow, Brahmaputra, Sikari, and tributaries of Brahmaputra river. The erosion has led to displacement of the affected families but no major steps have been taken for the affected families.
The economy of the population has declined in the area. The major agriculture activities of the area are Rabi crops, mustard, wheat, blackgram, sugarcane and potato.
The people of Simenmukh, Mukhtiyar, GP feel that the construction of Bogibeel bridge may lead to heavy flood and erosion in the area, because no protective measures has been taken.
The breadth of Brahmaputra river at Bogibeel bridge site is 7 km but the length of Bogibeel rail-cum-road bridge has been constructed upto 4.135 kms in the area. The Bogibeel bridge is going to further deteriorate the flood and erosion problem in the Muktiyar. Simenmukh GP and other parts of Murkongselek tribal development block.
On the other hand, huge collection of boulders from hilly area and hilly scraps has deteriorated the river bed of the plain areas. The boulder collection and land slide in the hills has deposited silt in the riverbed and has decreased the river’s depth.
If the government of Assam does not take suitable measures in time, then the communities living in the riverine area will face large devastation in near future. The local organiations Takam Mising Porin Kebang (TMPK), All Assam Students Union (AASU), Asom Jatiyatabadi Yuba Chatra Parishad (AJYCP) etc., have been demanding solution to flood and erosion problem time and again.