|31.98% people in State below poverty line|
GUWAHATI, July 26 – Though the government never shies away from touting about its various poverty alleviation and social welfare programmes, over one crore people in Assam or over one-third of the State’s citizens, continue to remain below the poverty line (BPL).
As per the latest data on ‘Poverty Estimates for 2011-12’, based on the Tendulkar Methodology, released by the Planning Commission of India earlier this week, 101.27 lakh or 1.01 crore of Assam’s population are categorized as BPL. Percentage-wise, 31.98 per cent of Assam’s total population is BPL. The State specific poverty lines for 2011-12 for Assam are monthly per capita income of Rs 828 for rural areas and Rs 1,008 for urban areas.
As per the data, 33.89 per cent of people in rural areas (92.06 lakh people) of the State are BPL, while in the urban areas of Assam 20.49 per cent of the total population (or 9.21 lakh people) fall in the BPL segment.
Assam’s percentage of population in the BPL segment is the third highest among the seven north-eastern States. Among all the 35 States and Union Territories across India, Assam has the eighth highest proportion of population in the BPL segment, percentage wise.
Overall in the North East region, Meghalaya has the lowest number of its population in the BPL category, while Manipur fares the worst. However, all States have different State wise poverty lines based on per capita income.
Meghalaya, with only 11.87 per cent of its total population categorized as BPL, has the lowest poverty estimates in the North East. In rural Meghalaya, 12.53% of the population are BPL, while the figure for urban areas of the State is 9.26 per cent.
In Manipur, overall 36.89 per cent of the population is BPL, with 38.80 per cent of the population in rural areas and 32.59 per cent of the State’s population in the urban areas being categorized in the segment.
In Arunachal Pradesh, 34.67 per cent of the population are BPL, as per the latest estimates. Altogether 38.93 per cent of its rural population and 20.33 per cent of its urban population have been classified as BPL.
Mizoram has an overall BPL percentage of 20.40, with 35.43 per cent of its population in rural areas and 6.36 per cent in urban areas categorized as BPL.
In Nagaland, 18.88 per cent of the State’s population is BPL, with 19.93 per cent and 16.48 per cent being the figures for rural and urban areas, respectively.
The BPL population of Tripura comprises 14.05 per cent of the State’s population. In rural areas of Tripura, 16.53 per cent of the population is BPL, while the proportion is 7.42 in the urban areas.