GUWAHATI, July 5 – Only 43 per cent of rural households in Assam have land, even as almost two-thirds of the State’s land is un-irrigated.
As per the findings of the just-released Socio Economic and Caste Census, a total of 24,88,717 (or 43 per cent) rural households in Assam have land, while the number of rural households with no land stood at 32,55,084 (or 57 per cent).
This is the first socio-economic and caste census prepared in independent India.
The data, under Households Land Ownership Pattern (Rural), also disclosed that total land in the State is 9,99,49,213.92 acres, of which the total un-irrigated land comprises 63 per cent (6,25,02,727.85 acres).
Land with assured irrigation for two crops stood at 22 per cent (2,23,34,882.66 acres), while other irrigated land is 15 per cent (1,51,11,603.40 acres).
The Census figures also showed that only 1.54 per cent or 88,258 households own mechanized three or four wheeler agriculture equipment.
The number of households owning irrigation equipment (including diesel/kerosene/electric pumpset, sprinkler, drip irrigation system, etc.) is a mere 3.72 per cent (2,13,700 households).
It added that the number of households having Kisan Credit Cards with credit limit of Rs 50,000 or above is only 54,973 or 0.96 per cent of the total households in the State.
As per the Socio Economic and Caste Census data on main sources of household income in rural areas, for 29.18 per cent (16,76,266) households in Assam, cultivation is the main source of income.
As many as 42.58 per cent rural households (24,45,909) listed manual or casual labour as main source of income, while 5.05 per cent households (2,90,253) are mainly dependent on part-time or full-time domestic service.
Another 1.55 per cent households (88,896) have non-agricultural or own account enterprises as their main source of household income.
As many as 0.70 per cent households (40,295) are dependent on begging, charity or alms collection in Assam, while 0.21 per cent (12,116 households) listed foraging and rag-picking as their main source of income.
A total of 20.72 per cent rural households (11,89,978) in the State listed other activities.