NEW DELHI, Aug 23 - Only 62 per cent of rural habitations have been fully covered by drinking water schemes in Assam and there has been negligible reduction in water quality issues, while in urban areas only 20 per cent of the population has access and no waste water is treated.
These are the findings of the report on ‘Composite Water Management Index 2.0’ released by Niti Aayog on Friday.
The report said that Assam needs to improve on several fronts. The State has agro-climatic zoning-based cultivation on only 16 per cent land, no feeder segregation and negligible micro-irrigation coverage.
On the positive side, Assam has restored 70 per cent of the irrigation potential of identified water bodies. On irrigation maintenance, Assam has assessed 100 per cent projects for Irrigation Potential Utilised and Irrigation Potential Created (IPU-IPC) gaps, besides it has lined nine per cent of identified canals. Assam has high irrigation Operation and Maintenance (O&M) expenditure Data and Policy. The State has enacted conservation legislations and established integrated data centres.
The report said that overall, 60 per cent States and UTs have established integrated water data centres and majority of them update data on these centres regularly. At least 15 out of 26 reporting States have integrated data centres, out of which 13 reported updating them regularly. Amongst theNE and Himalayan states, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, and Tripura have established integrated water data centres and regular data updates are a practice in Himachal Pradesh and Tripura.
Goa and Puducherry reported 100 per cent urban households being charged for water supply. While the indicator trend looks positive, States such as Bihar and Assam have reported negligible proportion of households being charged for the water supplied, while Jharkhand and Nagaland reported figures below 20 per cent on the indicator.
Most of the States such as Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Kerala, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Telangana, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Nagaland, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura have reported that there are no villages having individual household meters and therefore have been given the score of 0. States such as Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh have been given the score of 0 due to insufficient data or no data being shared with IVA. Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Kerala, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Telangana, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Haryana, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura have reported that there are no villages that are being provided with 24X7 piped water supply and therefore have been given a score of 0.