When we delve into the gradual development of modern Assamese music, the very first thing that strikes our mind is that it is quite a recent affair. History tells us that modern Assamese music was formed with the combination of the different ragas and raginis and the folk songs. But until 1883, Assamese songs were scarcely existent and Assamese people used to sneer whenever the question of composing songs in Assamese was brought in. The Assamese people of those times sang only the Bengali Khemta songs, Nidhubabu’s Tappa and the songs of Shyamlal and Dwijendralal. Bengali Kirtans and jatras penetrated into the nook and corner of Assam and even entered into the Satras. Bengali drama and music reigned supreme in the domain of Assamese dramatic literature and music. When this stage was over, Assamese people began to sing songs translated from Bengali, introducing new tunes. Till that time none composed songs in Assamese. But the influence of the Bengalis introducing new dramas did not last long. In 1883, late Satyanath Bora published Geetabali, a beautiful book consisting of the first Assamese songs in the current Bengali tunes. So, Satyanath Bora may be called the first Assamese composer of songs. After this, the Assamese people never looked back. In 1901, Pranay-gan by late Bhaktaram Dutta Choudhury of Barpeta was published. This collection of songs dealt with the victory of love. Then, we find Banhi, a collection of songs by late Benudhar Rajkhowa in 1906. Thus, these men with a strong sense of national feeling, offered their contribution to the store-house of Assamese music. (Modern Assamese music in the first half of the 20th century will be continued next week).

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 1) Picture Clue: A childhood photo of an actress of recent times. Identify her. (Deepajyoti Deka, Nalbari)
 2) In cockney rhyming slang, what would you get if you ordered an ‘Al Pacino’?

3) Who were Athos, Porthos and Aramis?

4) In the novel by James Fenimore Cooper, who was the last of the Mohicans?

5) What is the name of the stone in Ireland, that is said to confer gifts of speaking upon anyone who kisses it?
 From Dipankar Koushik, Guwahati –

6) Alfred Hitchcock made two films of the same name and with virtually the same story in 1935 and 1956. The second had a cast of stars James Stewart and Doris Day. Name the film.

7) Just complete the following Alfred Hitchcock quotation: “The length of the film should be directly related to the endurance of ...”

8) The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews on screen, told the story of which real-life family?

 9) What dire offence causes springs… which mock epic opens with this in the first Canto? (Jayanta Topadar, Dhemaji)

10) Which ancient Greek city was the site of the famous Oracle of Apollo? (Munmi Devi, Chapar, Dhubri)

11) Which famous structure in Greek mythology was built by a man named Epeius? (Rituraj Saikia, IIT Guwahati)

12) If Daily Planet is the newspaper Superman works for, what is the name of the newspaper that Spiderman works for? (Naina Bharadwaj, Nagaon)

13) Andrew Lindsay’s character in the film Chariots of Fire was actually based on an athlete who won the 400m hurdle in the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. Name him. (Jayanta Kumar Nath, Tezpur)

14) What were kept on the Eiffel Tower in Paris during the World War I to warn of approaching aircrafts, long before people could actually see them? (Barnali Kalita, Junglebasti, Dhekiajuli)
 15) The Cambodian language has the largest number of alphabets among all the world’s languages – how many letters does it have?
 1) Katrina Kaif 2) Cappuccino 3) The Three Musketeers 4) Chingachgook 5) The Blarney Stone 6) The Man Who Knew Too Much 7) The human bladder 8) Von Trapp 9) The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope 10) Adelphi 11) The Trojan Horse, legend has it that Epeius was a skilled woodworker, who was directed by Odysseus to build the huge gift horse 12) Daily Bugle 13) Lord Burghley 14) Parrots, because of their acute hearing 15) 72